Australia has been hit by a number of cyclones over the years, each bringing with it damaging winds that have resulted in significant property loss. Protecting your home from damage caused by a tropical hurricane requires careful planning ahead of time.
Before The Cyclone Season
- Find out if your house meets cyclone criteria by contacting your city hall or regional building control office.
- Make sure your home is safe by inspecting the walls, roof, and eaves.
- Tree trimming should keep limbs and crowns away from your house (get council permission).
- Install shutters or metal screens on all windows if possible.
- Get rid of anything flimsy lying about your property that could get blown around and cause harm in high winds.
- Know the location of the nearest top of a hill and the most secure route to it in case of a storm thrust warning or other flooding.
- Get the following items for your emergency kit: a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries
- Food and water containers, as well as a can opener and dry goods
- Include masking tape for frames and impermeable bags, matches, a fuel lamp, a compact stove, cooking gear, and dining utensils, as well as a first aid kit & manual.
- Don't forget to post a list of helplines.
- Do a headcount to see how prepared your neighbours are, especially any newcomers.
When A Cyclone Watch Is Issued
- Tie down any lightweight but substantial objects on your property, such boats and trash cans.
- Fill up the gas tanks. You should double-check your emergency supplies and fill up any water bottles.
- Make sure everyone in the house is aware of the safest spots to seek shelter and what to do in the event of a cyclone notice or evacuation.
- Listen to the radio or TV in your area for updates and safety announcements.
- See if your neighbours know about the situation and have taken any precautions.
When A Cyclone Warning Is Issued?
The necessity of the following steps is contingent upon the official guidance issued by your government municipalities as the situation develops. In the first place, if the authorities in your area ask you to, you should pick up your kids from school or the daycare and head home.
- Get your cars some safe parking in the shade.
- Do not bring your wooden or plastic patio set within or leave it unsecured outside.
- Put up shutters, board up the windows, or tape them shut. Close blinds and secure all windows and doors.
- Warm clothing, necessary prescriptions, infant formula, diapers, valuables, critical papers, photos, and memories should all be packed in waterproof bags and added to Your emergency kit in case of evacuation. A sturdy closet could be used to store big, heavy goods.
- Stay inside. Listen to local news broadcasts or television shows for updates.
On Warning Of Local Evacuation
Depending on the projected wind speeds plus storm surge heights, it may be necessary to evacuate.
Radio and television broadcasts in the area will provide official instructions on how to get out of danger and when to do so.
- Put on sturdy footwear and protective clothing.
- Close and lock all windows and doors, turn off the utilities, and gather your emergency supplies.
- If you must evacuate the interior, be sure to take your pets with you, and get on the road early to avoid the worst of the traffic, flooding, and winds.
- If you need to evacuate to a public shelter or other safe area, make sure to listen to the instructions given to you by the police and the State/Territory Emergency Services.
- Bring children's bedding and books or activities if you're heading to a public shelter.
During A Severe Tropical Cyclone
Look for the safest place to take cover, like a stairway or a chamber on the first floor with pipes for walls. Keep away from glass surfaces such as windows and doors. If strong winds or perhaps a tornado are predicted, check local radio for warnings and turn off all electrical equipment. Put down a rug, blanket, or mattress, or take cover behind a bench or table if the building begins to crumble. You should seek shade and shelter and wear a hat if you must be outside. Keep your face out of the windows and use the hand brake if you're inside a car. Please park in a location that is not under any overhead limbs or wires.
In the event of an evacuation,
- Get out of the course of the storm as soon as possible and seek refuge in a public building on higher ground or further inland, making care to lock any windows and doors behind you.
- Put on sturdy shoes and gear to protect yourself.
- Don't forget to bring your survival gear.
- If you're unable to bring your pets with you, provide them with food and drink in a secure location inside the home.
FAQs About Preparing Your Home For A Tornado In Advance
Know where to shelter.
- Go to the basement or an inside room without windows on the lowest floor (bathroom, closet, centre hallway).
- If possible, avoid sheltering in a room with windows.
- For added protection, get under something sturdy (a heavy table or workbench)
- Do not stay in a mobile home.
Causes structural damage during a tornado. It is not the pressure change. The air pressure will drop near a tornado. It is now believed that a solid structure (no windows or doors open) has a better chance of escaping major damage.
- We are not taking tornado warnings seriously. There is a tornado warning false alarms all of the time.
- Look out the window.
- Open the windows of your house.
- Try to outrun a tornado.
- Take cover underneath an overpass.
The probable answer is that they would be hit by debris several times, probably dying in the process if they managed not to be hit by debris (And that’s a big if), they would hit the ground hard and probably not survive the impact. So there you go. Being sucked up by a tornado would result in probable death.
After The Cyclone
Don't assume the risk has passed until you hear from emergency services; you could still be in the eye of such a tropical cyclone. Do not return to your home or business until you have received the all-clear from the right authorities.
When arriving at your house again:
- Locate and repair any gas leaks.
- Don't plug anything into an outlet if it looks moist.
- Before consuming water, either boil it or use a water purification tablet, and find out if it has been deemed safe to drink by the local authorities.
- Avoid downed power lines, downed trees, and standing floodwater.
- Make sure you have adequate coverage.
Making General Emergency Preparations
- Put together a survival kit
- If the storm looks like it will do a lot of damage, it's best to be ready for everything that might go wrong. One must have in a survival kit a flashlight and additional batteries.
- As an emergency radio.
- Emergency medical supplies.
- Put out a distress call by blowing a whistle.
- Garbage bags, commode paper, paper towels, paper wipes, sanitary napkins, and tampons/pads are all examples of personal sanitation items.
- Fabricated from plastic, tarps are a convenient and cheap solution to rain protection.
- Wearing lots of layers is recommended.
- Darkness concealing masks.
- Tools for turning off utilities.
Make a severe weather plan.
When a storm strikes, it can be helpful to have a plan in place that everyone in the family is familiar with. Make sure you make preparations for:
- Safe spots inside your house.
- Where to get the emergency contact information.
- Plan B for when you can't get out of you house yourself.
- If a storm occurs while the family is out, they will get together.
Prepare for the worst and put away food and water
You ought to have enough water for three days of one gallon per person every day. You and your loved ones had enough food to last for at least three days. You should store this food and beverages close to where you will be taking shelter in the event of an emergency.
- You should stock up on ready-to-eat foods like tuna, beans, and fruit in cans in case of an emergency. Some items that can be stored indefinitely without spoiling include protein bars, dried fruit, drying cereal, and non-perishable pasteurised milk.
The Signs Of A Tornado
Knowing the indicators of an impending tornado might help you take the necessary precautions before it strikes. Tornado warnings can be seen if:
- A funnel cloud is a revolving, cone-shaped cloud that descends from a thunderstorm. Only during a thunderstorm can a tornado develop. The most telltale symptom of a tornado is a funnel cloud, although it isn't always visible.
- Azure clouds overhead. Hail is frequently present in the immediate vicinity of a tornado's formation. The sun's rays scatter off the rain as it's tossed about by the storm, giving the sky an emerald hue.
- Debris. Oftentimes, a tornado's presence can be detected before the funnel cloud ever becomes apparent.
- Shockingly loud noise. A tornado's roar is like an oncoming train. There may also be a great deal of noise from the debris colliding together.
Most tornadoes are over in less than 10 minutes, but there is no hard and fast rule for their duration.
Tornado Watches And Tornado Warnings - What’s The Difference?
A tornado could emerge given the right conditions, but one is not currently expected. When the weather changes, so may the status of tornado watches.
There is a high chance of a tornado occuring. With reports of a tornado or beaver pond, national weather services will typically issue a warning.
How Are Tornadoes Categorized?
The Fujita Scale, this same Enhanced Fujita Spectrum, or the TORRO Scale are the three most used methods of classifying tornadoes.
The Fujita Scale
Classifies twisters as either F0, F1, F2, F3, F4, or F5 intensity. F0 is the least powerful, while F5 the most powerful. A level F0 tornado causes moderate damage, such as broken branches. To illustrate, an F5 tornado may lift and carry a home off its foundation.
The Enhanced Fujita Scale
To better evaluate tornado damage, it employs a scale from EF0 to EF5, with EF0 being the weakest and EF5 the strongest.
The TORRO scale
Places tornadoes on a scale from 0 to 11. In contrast to the Fujita Scales, which include factor on the amount of damage caused by tornadoes, this one just uses wind conditions to classify tornadoes.
To classify tornadoes in the United States, experts use the Enhanced Fujita Scale. After its introduction in 2007, it supplanted the Fujita Scale. In 2013, the Improved Fujita Scale was introduced in Canada.
When Is Tornado Season? And The Which States Get The Most Tornadoes?
Annually, more than a thousand tornadoes strike the United States, as reported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Tornadoes can occur at any time of the year, but peak activity is between February and May. That's why May through August is commonly referred to as "tornado season."
Tornadoes strike all 50 states, while some see more frequent strikes than others. Each year, tornadoes strike a total of 10 states, with the following making the list:
How To Stay Safe During A Tornado
If a tornado is approaching, everyone should seek shelter on the ground floor. Look for a room on the inside of the building that has thick walls and no windows, and is not directly connected to the main entrance. To stay safe, duck under any sturdy furniture like a desk or table. Find a way to safeguard your noggin, preferably in the form of a helmet. Put your arms about your head to shield it from flying objects. To improve your safety, you should leave your mobile home and go to a permanent structure. Tornado casualties are disproportionately high in mobile homes.
Close all windows and doors. There is a common misconception that the pressure gradient can cause a home to explode if the windows are closed. If you open your windows during a tornado, the force of the wind can take the roof off your home, but the pressure drop itself won't cause the house to explode. If you can't make it indoors, get away from tall objects like trees and vehicles. Lay as flat as possible on the ground and grab onto something solid. Look for a ditch or any other low area to hide in until the twister passes.
Is A Garage Safe During A Tornado?
Will a tornado not enter a garage? Several factors make garages unsafe to use as a tornado shelter. A garage is not a safe place to take shelter from a tornado because it has no inner walls and a wide door.
When is the highest risk of tornadoes?
Although tornadoes are possible at any time of the year when, they are more common in the warmer months when thunderstorms are more common. Thus, the months of May and June are the most common for tornadoes.
Is There a Recommended Depth for a Tornado Shelter?
What's the ideal depth for a storm cellar? The height above mean sea level must be at least 0.1 feet. In this way, the cellar won't get flooded.
When does a tornado stop raging?
The duration of a tornado can vary widely, from a few seconds to well over an hour. Several of the long-lasting tornadoes documented from the early to mid 1900s and earlier are now thought to be tornado series, hence the longest-lasting tornado in history remains a mystery. Tornadoes typically only endure for a few minutes.
After a tornado, what should you do?
There are a number of things that need to be done after a tornado has passed, especially if extensive damage was caused.
Leave the area immediately.
Stay away until you're given the all-clear. In this way, the emergency services can go to their jobs without interference.
Have compassion on others
Check for nearby casualties, but don't put yourself in harm's way if you find any. Do not hesitate to contact emergency services if you come across any injured people.
Get in touch with loved ones today
Get in touch with loved ones using the disaster contact list you compiled as part of your disaster preparations. Make sure they're safe and let them knows you are okay.
Find out what's new
Listen to the news or the weather forecast on one of the local radio or television stations.
Inspect your home for potential dangers and learn about them
Tornadoes can cause severe destruction to your property, making it unsafe to live in. Gas leaks, electrical malfunctions, and sewage overflows are just some of the potential hazards. If you suspect or see any of these dangers in the aftermath of a tornado, call your utility company but instead emergency services immediately.
Snap some shots
If you know it's safe to go back inside your house, document any damage that may have occurred. Taking images of the affected area before the damage occurred might be extremely helpful when filing insurance claims.
Many cyclones have caused substantial damage in Australia over the years. Inspect the structure's walls, roof, and eaves; cut back on nearby trees; secure all windows with shutters or metal screens; remove any loose, flimsy objects from your property; and know the location of the nearest high ground and the safest route to it in case of a storm thrust warning or other flooding. It's a good idea to stock up on things like a gasoline lamp, matches, a first aid kit, and a compact stove, cooking gear, and eating utensils just in case. If a cyclone warning is in effect, you should take the following precautions: fill up your gas tanks; make sure everyone in your home knows where to go for shelter and what to do in the event of an evacuation order; keep an ear out for any safety announcements on local radio or television; and take a headcount of your neighbours to gauge how well they are prepared. Park in the shade, close blinds and secure all windows and doors, stock up on food, water, medicine, baby supplies, valuables, important documents, photos, and memories, stay inside, tune in to local news broadcasts or television shows for updates, and listen to the instructions given by the police and the State/Territory Emergency Services before evacuating to a public shelter or other safe area. If you are in the path of a tropical cyclone, you should evacuate to higher ground or an interior location as quickly as possible.
Wear protective footwear and clothing, and pack survival essentials including a flashlight, first aid kit, trash bags, toilet paper, paper towels, wipes, tampons, and pads. Do your best to make sure your pet has access to food and water in a safe spot within the house if you can't bring them with you. Your first order of business upon returning to your home should be to check for and fix any gas leaks, boil water before drinking it or use a water purification tablet, and learn whether or not the water has been declared safe to drink by local authorities. Prepare for extreme weather by stocking up on food and water for at least three days at a rate of one gallon per person each day. Prepare for the worst by keeping a supply of protein bars, dried fruit, drying cereal, and non-perishable pasteurised milk on hand in addition to canned goods like tuna, beans, and fruit.
If you are aware of the warning signals of a tornado, you can take shelter before it makes landfall. Tornadoes are typically categorised using one of three scales: the Fujita Scale, the Enhanced Fujita Spectrum, or the TORRO Scale. Tornadoes are categorised on the Fujita Scale as F0, F1, F2, F3, F4, or F5. There is no definite rule that says a tornado will last exactly 10 minutes. A scale from EF0 (the weakest) to EF5 (the strongest) is used to rank the severity of tornado damage. U.S. tornadoes are categorised using the Enhanced Fujita Scale, while Canadian tornadoes are categorised using the Improved Fujita Scale, both of which were adopted in 2013.
While tornadoes are possible at any time of year, the most common months are February through May. Everyone should get down to the basement, take cover under some heavy pieces of furniture, wear a helmet, and secure all windows and doors in the event of a tornado. If you can't get inside, avoid any towering structures and hold on for dear life. Since garages often have no inside walls and a wide door, they are not a safe place to seek cover during a tornado. In the United States, May and June are the months most prone to tornadoes because of the warmer temperatures.
How deep should a storm cellar be, and when does a tornado stop? A tornado's lifespan might be anything from a few seconds to more than an hour. If a tornado hits your area, what should you do when it passes? Immediately evacuate, remain out of harm's way until the all-clear is given, show compassion for those around you, search for casualties, alert emergency services, contact loved ones, learn the latest, verify the safety of your home, and take photographs. Before submitting an insurance claim, taking photos of the damaged area could prove useful.
- Preparation is the key to preventing damage to your home from a tropical hurricane.
- Verify the stability of your home by looking up at the walls, roof, and eaves.
- It's important to make sure you have enough water and that your emergency supplies are up to date.
- If a cyclone warning is issued or an evacuation is necessary, everyone in the house should know where to go and what to do.
- Please park your vehicles in the shade where they will be out of harm's way.
- Ensure that all doors and windows are securely locked, turn off the power, and stock up on supplies in case of an emergency.
- Don't leave home without your survival supplies!
- Prepare for extreme weather.
- Tornado Warning Symptoms
- If you're aware of the warning signs of an oncoming tornado, you can take shelter before it does damage.
- Although funnel clouds are the most obvious sign of a tornado, they aren't always observable.
- Tornado watch status can shift with the weather.
- In the United States, the Enhanced Fujita Scale is used by professionals to categorise tornadoes.
- While tornadoes are possible at any time of year, the most common months are February through May.
- Don't forget to lock up the house.
- Check your house for hazards and study up on them.
- Tornadoes can do extensive damage to your home, making it unsafe for you and your family to remain there.